EEPA Parameter Estimator

The EEPA model includes an Estimated Parameters section to help understand the behaviour of the bulk material being defined. Based on the model parameters inputted and the particle properties a Bond Number is calculated. The Bond Number (Bo) positively correlates with the cohesiveness of the material interaction, where:


The cohesiveness is stated alongside the Bond Number value.


The Bond Number (Capece, 2015) is derived from the ratio of the cohesive forcesFcohesion to the weight of the particles, Wg:

The cohesive force is found using the following equation:  


Where γ is the mean normal overlap, r is the mean particle radiusΔ is the surface energy and fo is the constant pull-off force. The Bond Number will be calculated live as model parameters are populated: 



In addition to the Bond Number, critical time step information will be shown in the Estimated Properties, where:

The Minimum Critical Timestep should be used in the Solver when running the simulation.

Each interaction’s time step is found using the following equation (O'Sullivan, 2004):

Where Δt is the time step, m is the mean particle mass and k2 is the unloading/reloading stiffness. k2 is defined as:





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