GTCMAT

Utility/Data Access SubroutineGTCMAT calculates the compliance matrix between "N" REFERENCE_MARKERs in a MotionSolve model.

Use

GTCMAT is usually called from a REQSUB user subroutine.

Format

Fortran Calling Syntax
CALL GTCMAT (NM, MKID, NC, CMAT, ISTAT)
C/C++ Calling Syntax
c_gtcmat(nm, mkid, nc, cmat, istat)
Python Calling Syntax
[cmat, istat] = py_gtcmat(mkid)

Attributes

NM
Integer
NM > 0
Defines the number of REFERENCE_MARKERs between which the compliance matrix is to be calculated.
MKID
Integer
Array Size ≥ NM
Contains the IDs of the REFERENCE_MARKERs for which the compliance matrix is to be calculated.
NC
Integer
NC ≥ 6*NM
Defines the row and column dimension of the double precision array CMAT that will contain the computed compliance matrix.

Output

CMAT
Double Precision
NC*NC
The array containing the compliance matrix for the REFERENCE_MARKERs specified.
ISTAT
Integer
The return status from GTCMAT. ISTAT has the following meanings:
ISTAT= 0
Normal return. Compliance matrix was calculated.
ISTAT= -1
Error return. NM < 0.
ISTAT= -2
Error return. NM > 100.
ISTAT= -3
Error return. NC < 6*NM.
ISTAT= -6
Error return. MKID refers to a non-existent REFERENCE_MARKER.
ISTAT= -7
Error return. The system has zero degrees of freedom.
ISTAT= -9
Error return. A singular Jacobian matrix was encountered during the calculations.
ISTAT=-11
Error return. One of the REFERENCE_MARKERs is on GROUND. By definition, it cannot move.
ISTAT=-12
Error return. An initial static equilibrium was not performed.
ISTAT=-99999
Error return.

Examples

Figure 1 below shows a triangle T that is suspended from an annulus A. Annulus A is grounded. T is connected to A by means of three bushings: B1, B2, and B3. The mass properties of T and the stiffness characteristics of B1, B2, and B3 are shown below. The aim of this test is to find the compliance of the system at the three bushing locations. The system is modeled as follows:
Units Properties Geometry
Length = mm

Mass = Kg

Time = Seconds

Force = Newtons

Mass properties of T

mass = 170.1587874 Kg

inertia = 1.607495985E+007, 1.181530722E+007, 4.33055212E+006

Stiffness characteristics at B1, B2 and B3:

K = 200, 200, 200

KT = 2.291831181E+005, 2.864788976E+005, 3.437746771E+005

A REQSUB is written to calculate the compliance matrix. In the REQSUB, GTCMAT is invoked with the appropriate parameters. The REQSUB obtains the compliance matrix and writes it to a file. The contents of this file are shown below.

The file contains an 18 by 18 matrix, conveniently partitioned into 6 by 6 blocks.

COMPLIANCE MATRIX
=================
IM = B1 JM = B1
Row Range =  1 -- 6
Col Range =  1 -- 6
2.78486E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.79544E-06
0.00000E+00    1.66667E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    3.49751E-03    4.57714E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    4.57711E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
-2.79548E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B1 JM = B2
Row Range =  1 -- 6
Col Range =  7 --12
1.10757E-03    8.38643E-04    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.79544E-06
0.00000E+00    1.66667E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    7.51245E-04    4.57714E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.28855E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    3.51939E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
1.39774E-06   -2.09661E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B1 JM = B3
Row Range =  1 -- 6
Col Range = 13 --18
1.10757E-03   -8.38643E-04    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.79543E-06
0.00000E+00    1.66667E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    7.51245E-04    4.57714E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.28855E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -3.51939E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
1.39774E-06    2.09661E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B2 JM = B1
Row Range =  7 --12
Col Range =  1 -- 6
1.10757E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.39772E-06
8.38643E-04    1.66667E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.09658E-06
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    7.51245E-04   -2.28857E-06    3.51938E-06    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    4.57711E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
-2.79548E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B2 JM = B2
Row Range =  7 --12
Col Range =  7 --12
1.94621E-03   -4.19322E-04    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.39772E-06
-4.19322E-04    2.29565E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.09658E-06
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    3.18019E-03   -2.28857E-06    3.51938E-06    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.28855E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    3.51939E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
1.39774E-06   -2.09661E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B2 JM = B3
Row Range =  7 --12
Col Range = 13 --18
1.94621E-03    4.19322E-04    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.39772E-06
-4.19322E-04    1.03768E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.09658E-06
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.06856E-03   -2.28857E-06    3.51938E-06    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.28855E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -3.51939E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
1.39774E-06    2.09661E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B3 JM = B1
Row Range = 13 --18
Col Range =  1 -- 6
1.10757E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.39772E-06
-8.38643E-04    1.66667E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    2.09658E-06
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    7.51245E-04   -2.28857E-06   -3.51938E-06    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    4.57711E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
-2.79548E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B3 JM = B2
Row Range = 13 --18
Col Range =  7 --12
1.94621E-03   -4.19322E-04    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.39772E-06
4.19322E-04    1.03768E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    2.09658E-06
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.06856E-03   -2.28857E-06   -3.51938E-06    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.28855E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    3.51939E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
1.39774E-06   -2.09661E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
IM = B3 JM = B3
Row Range = 13 --18
Col Range = 13 --18
1.94621E-03    4.19322E-04    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    1.39772E-06
4.19322E-04    2.29565E-03    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    2.09658E-06
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    3.18019E-03   -2.28857E-06   -3.51938E-06    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -2.28855E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00   -3.51939E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00
1.39774E-06    2.09661E-06    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00    0.00000E+00


The 18x18 matrix is organized in 6x6 blocks as shown below. Blocks that are transposes of each other are shaded in the same color.

1. GTCMAT is called from a user-written subroutine. GTCMAT must be called when IFLAG = TRUE in the user subroutine from which it is called.
2. The compliance matrix is a transfer function for a system calculated at static equilibrium. A transfer function requires inputs and outputs. For a compliance matrix calculation, these are defined as follows:
• $U$ represents the inputs to the linearized system. It is an array of size 6*NM. Each component $U\left(i\right)$ is a force or torque acting in one of the six directions at the "NM" REFERENCE_MARKERs.
• $Y$ represents the outputs from the linearized system. It is an array of dimension 6*NM. Each component $Y\left(j\right)$ is a translational or rotational displacement acting in one of the six directions at the "NM" REFERENCE_MARKERs.
3. At static equilibrium, the transfer function of a system with inputs $U$ and $Y$ outputs may be represented as:
(1)
The quantities in the above equation are defined as follows:
• represents the Laplace domain variable. $\sigma$ is the damping, $\omega$ is the frequency of the vibration state, and is .
• are constant valued matrices of appropriate dimension. They are called the state matrices for the system at the operating point.
• $\left[ComplianceMatrix\right]$ is a 6NM x 6NM matrix.
4. For the ith REFERENCE_MARKER of interest, I, in the system, the six inputs are defined as follows: $U\left(i\right)$ $Y\left(j\right)$ $Y$
• $U\left[1\right]:$ A unit force at the origin of I, acting along the x-axis of the global coordinate system.
• $U\left[2\right]:$ A unit force at the origin of I, acting along the y-axis of the global coordinate system.
• $U\left[3\right]:$ A unit force at the origin of I, acting along the z-axis of the global coordinate system.
• $U\left[4\right]:$ A unit torque on I, acting about the x-axis of the global coordinate system.
• $U\left[5\right]:$ A unit torque on I, acting about the y-axis of the global coordinate system.
• $U\left[6\right]:$ A unit torque on I, acting about the z-axis of the global coordinate system.
5. For the jth REFERENCE_MARKER of interest, J, in the system, the outputs are defined as follows:
• $Y\left[1,k\right]:$ The translational displacement of the origin of J measured along the x-axis of the global coordinate system, due to an input $U\left(k\right)$ .
• $Y\left[2,k\right]:$ The translational displacement of the origin of J measured along the y-axis of the global coordinate system, due to an input $U\left(k\right)$ .
• $Y\left[3,k\right]$ The translational displacement of the origin of J measured along the z-axis of the global coordinate system, due to an input $U\left(k\right)$ .
• $Y\left[4,k\right]:$ The small angle approximation of the rotation of J, due to input $U\left(k\right)$ , measured about the x-axis of the global coordinate system.
• $Y\left[5,k\right]:$ The small angle approximation of the rotation of J, due to input $U\left(k\right)$ , measured about the y-axis of the global coordinate system.
• $Y\left[6,k\right]:$ The small angle approximation of the rotation of J, due to input $U\left(k\right)$ , measured about the y-axis of the global coordinate system.
6. Compliance matrix calculation is particularly useful in suspension elasto-kinematic evaluations. Several suspension design factors can be expressed as a function of quantities in the compliance matrix.

For example, the vertical wheel rate is defined as the inverse of the vertical displacement measures at the wheel center, due to a vertical load applied at the wheel center.

Assuming that the compliance matrix between two markers located at the suspension wheel center has been computed, then it is quite obvious to express the vertical wheel rate as follows:

• Left vertical wheel rate =
• Right vertical wheel rate =

Where the various terms are entries in the compliance matrix are:

• $C\left[3,3\right]$ = vertical displacement of the left wheel due to a unit vertical force applied to the left wheel.
• $C\left[3,9\right]$ = vertical displacement of the left wheel due to a unit vertical force applied to the right wheel.
• $C\left[9,3\right]$ = vertical displacement of the right wheel due to a unit vertical force applied to the left wheel.
• $C\left[9,9\right]$ = vertical displacement of the right wheel due to a unit vertical force applied to the right wheel.
7. Another typical compliance matrix application is the calculation of motion ratios for springs and dampers. Spring motion ratio is defined as the ratio between the relative displacement along the axis of the spring and the relative load applied between the upper and lower spring seats. This quantity can be easily obtained by computing the compliance matrix between a marker positioned at the lower spring seat and a marker positioned at the upper spring seat.