# balance

Returns a matrix with rows and columns of roughly equal magnitude.

## Syntax

AA = balance(A)

AA = balance(A, opt)

[DD, AA] = balance(A, opt)

[D, P, AA] = balance(A, opt)

## Inputs

`A`- The matrix to balance.
`opt`- The options are:

## Outputs

- AA
- The balanced matrix.
- DD
- A diagonal matrix with powers of 2.
- P
- A permutation vector.
- D
- A vector whose permutation by P produces the diagonal of DD.

## Example

`[DD,AA] = balance([1,0,0.0001;1,1,0.01;10000,100,1])`

```
DD = [Matrix] 3 x 3
0.00012 0.00000 0.00000
0.00000 0.00781 0.00000
0.00000 0.00000 1.00000
AA = [Matrix] 3 x 3
1.00000 0.00000 0.81920
0.01563 1.00000 1.28000
1.22070 0.78125 1.00000
```

## Comments

balance is only useful with an asymmetric matrix `A`.
Its purpose is to improve eigenvalue calculations by computing eig(AA) in
place of eig(A).

AA = DD \ A * DD. The row and column norms of `AA` are roughly
equal in magnitude.

DD = P * D, where `P` is a permutation matrix and `D`
is a diagonal matrix of powers of two.