The EDEM powders database is a collection of EDEM material models for powders that includes results for the static angle of repose and the steady-state shear stress responses described in Figure 1. The physical measurement of the static angle of repose can be conducted according to ASTM 6393 or similar and the measurement of the steady state shear stress corresponds to the pre-shear stage of a shear cell test performed according to ASTM 6128 or ASTM D6773. Steady-state shear stress results are available for 1kPa and 5kPa normal stresses.

A meso-scopic modelling approach is adopted for the EDEM powder models in the interest of computational efficiency.

The two-sphere particle shape shown in Figure 3 and the normal relative particle size distribution described in Table 1 are adopted to capture shear dilation effects and avoid non-physical packing states (Härtl, J., & Ooi, J. Y., 2011). The standard particle diameter in the database D_max is 1.5 mm but different values can be used in certain cases and these are discussed in section 1.2.

The interaction forces at the meso-contact scale are described with the Edinburgh Elastic-Plastic-Adhesive (EEPA) and Type C rolling friction models. The model parameter space is listed in Table 1.

Particle size distribution |
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Type |
D |
D |
σ/D_{50} |

Normal |
0.85 |
1.15 |
0.15 |

Fixed parameter space |
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Particle Poisson’s ratio |
0.25 |
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Particle shear modulus |
1e+7 |
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Particle solid density ρ |
1000 |
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Particle coefficient of restitution |
0.1 |
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Particle – geometry coefficient of static friction μ |
0.5 |
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Particle – geometry coefficient of rolling friction μ |
0.1 |
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EEPA tangential stiffness multiplier k |
0.667 |
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EEPA loading exponent n |
1 |
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EEPA tensile exponent k |
3 |
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Variable parameter space |
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Particle – particle coefficient of static friction |
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Particle – particle coefficient of rolling friction μ |
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EEPA constant pull-off force f |
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EEPA surface energy γ (J/m |
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EEPA contact plasticity ratio λ |

The database contains 1500 material models. The probability density distributions for the responses are shown in Figure 3.

The database can be searched by multiple responses simultaneously and the results are sorted by the total relative error between the requested response values and the results in the database. The required inputs for the search are:

- The bulk cohesion and compressibility, which are qualitatively categorized using the bond number and the EEPA contact plasticity ratio respectively as described in Figure 4.
- The bulk density, which his captured via particle solid density and Bond number scaling of the baseline values in the dataset and has variable ranges for the different bulk cohesion levels.
- The mean particle diameter, which is available as an input if the search includes only steady state shear responses. The scaling rules proposed by Thakur et. al are applied to compute the relevant parameter values in this case.

The Powders Database can be access from Bulk Materials>Select Materials Wizard>Open Powders Wizard

Progress through the database to the input screen where in the input parameters for the soils database should be entered.

Finally a range of materials appears, selecting an appropriate material will populate the material and model parameters in the EDEM GUI.

(c) 2022 Altair Engineering Inc. All Rights Reserved. |
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