Tied Contact (/INTER/TYPE2)

Interface TYPE2, also called tied interface is a nodal constraint to rigidly connect a set of secondary nodes to a main surface. The secondary nodes forces and moments are transferred to the main nodes, and then secondary nodes are positioned kinematically according to the motion of the main nodes.

This interface ensures a full force and moment equilibrium.

Figure 1. Interface TYPE2 - Tied
There are four formulations are available to describe this connection.
  • Default spotweld formulation
  • Optimized spotweld formulation
  • Formulation with failure
  • Penalty formulation

Default Spotweld Formulation


Figure 2.
When the flag is set to 0, the spotflag formulation is a default formulation:
  • Based on element shape functions
  • Generate hourglass with under-integrated elements
  • Give a connection stiffness function of secondary node localization
  • Recommended with fully-integrated shells (main)
  • Recommended for connecting brick secondary nodes to brick main segments (mesh transition without rotational freedom)

Optimized Spotweld Formulation


Figure 3.
When the flag is set to 1, the spotflag formulation is an optimized formulation:
  • Based on element mean rigid motion
  • No hourglass problem
  • Constant connection stiffness
  • Recommended with under-integrated shells (main)
  • Recommended for connecting beam, spring, and shell secondary nodes to brick main segments

Formulation with Failure

Spotflag=20, 21 and 22

Using these options, these two failure criteria can be defined:
Rupt= 0 (independent rupture parameters):
Failure when Max_N_Dist or Max_T_Dist are reached (default)
Rupt= 1 (coupled rupture parameters):
Failure when ( N_Dist Max_N_Dist ) 2 + ( T_Dist Max_T_Dist ) 2 >1 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaOaaaeaada qadaqaamaalaaabaGaamOtaiaad+facaWGebGaamyAaiaadohacaWG 0baabaGaamytaiaadggacaWG4bGaam4xaiaad6eacaWGFbGaamirai aadMgacaWGZbGaamiDaaaaaiaawIcacaGLPaaadaahaaWcbeqaaiaa dkdaaaGccaWGRaWaaeWaaeaadaWcaaqaaiaadsfacaWGFbGaamirai aadMgacaWGZbGaamiDaaqaaiaad2eacaWGHbGaamiEaiaad+facaWG ubGaam4xaiaadseacaWGPbGaam4CaiaadshaaaaacaGLOaGaayzkaa WaaWbaaSqabeaacaWGYaaaaaqabaGccaWG+aGaamymaaaa@59F7@

During the computation, a normal stress, shear stress, normal displacement and tangential displacement are computed and compared to the maximum values defined in the interface. As soon as the maximum criteria have been reached, the normal stress and shear stress will be set to 0.

Penalty Formulation


The main goal for interface TYPE2 using penalty method is to tie secondary node to main segment without any kinematic constraints. Using the penalty method may avoid