Multiplying coefficient for computation of flux through coils
Definition
A coefficient C_{M} (named multiplying coefficient for computation of flux through coils) is introduced for the computation of flux through coils when they are described in a finite element domain bounded by symmetries and/or periodicities.
Concept of coil in Flux
Generally, a coil is a set of seriesconnected turns (stranded coil conductor).
To define completely a coil in Flux (its geometrical and electrical aspects), we must define two objects:
 an electrical component of stranded coil conductor type (the physical entity to define the value of the current)
 a coil (the geometric entity to define the shape of coils)
Problem
What happens when a coil is described in a finite element domain bounded by symmetries and/or periodicities?
 from an electric point of view, there is only one electrical component
 from a geometric point of view, there is an "original" coil (the one described in the FE domain) and its "duplicates" by symmetry and/or periodicity
In this situation, the electrical component is a component that comprises several geometric coils.
To compute the magnetic flux through this component (i.e. through the "original" coil and its "duplicates"), Flux evaluates:
 the coefficient C_{M}, which takes into account the number and types of symmetries and/or periodicities
 the field Conductors in series or in parallel, which takes into account the configuration type of associated conductors (all in series, all in parallel).
Using the coefficient C_{M}
The coefficient C_{M} is used:

within results postprocessing to Compute flux through a coil conductor (in 3D)
(command sequence:
)  within circuit coupling
Computation of flux through a coil conductor (postprocessor)
In general, global quantities computed in Flux (postprocessing quantities) are calculated for the part of the device modeled in the finite elements domain*.
This rule applies to all the computations, carried out in the postprocessor, except for:
 quantities related to mechanical sets (force or torque) within kinematic coupling
 power balance
 flux in coils (the matter of our interest)
Computation of flux with circuit coupling (1)
With circuit coupling a coil is represented twice:

once in the finite elements domain: region of stranded coil conductor type (or nonmeshed coil in 3D)

once in the electric circuit: electric component of stranded coil type
Reminder:
The relationship between current I, tension U and flux Φ in a conductor is written:
(1)
The voltage U at the terminals of the electric component is related to flux Φ through the coil by equation 1.
If symmetries and/or periodicities are presented, the computation of flux Φ is carried out for the part of the device modeled in the finite element domain. If the characteristics of electric circuit components are the real characteristics, it is necessary to rectify the equation (1), and introduce a coefficient C_{M} to take symmetries and/or periodicities into account.
As a result …
The relationship between current I, tension U and flux Φ in a conductor is written:
(2)
The voltage U at the terminals of the electric component is related to real flux C_{M}_{Φ} through the coil by equation 2.
The coefficient * C_{M}, automatically calculated by Flux, ensures coherence between the finite element domain, having symmetries and/or periodicities, and the electric circuit.
Computation of flux with circuit coupling (2)
Concretely, two strategies are possible to ensure coherence between the finite elements domain, having symmetries and/or periodicities, and the electric circuit. These two strategies are presented below.
Strategy 1 (general case): coherence is managed by Flux
The characteristics of the electric circuit components are the real characteristics (real values of passive components (R, L, C), real values of sources...).
The coefficient C_{M}, automatically computed by Flux, ensures coherence between the finite element domain and the electric circuit.
Strategy 2 (specific case *): coherence is the responsibility of the user
The characteristics of the electric circuit components are adjusted to take symmetries and/or periodicities into account.
The coefficient C_{M} is set to 1 by the user.
Provided options
In the majority of cases, the computation of the coefficient C_{M} is carried out by Flux (default option: automatic coefficient).
However, if you must impose this coefficient, provided options are detailed in the table below.
Option  Description 

Automatic coefficient (symmetry and periodicity taken into account)  C_{M} is automatically computed with taking active symmetries and active rotation periodicities of the problem into account. 
Imposed coefficient (integer) 
C_{M} is an integer: C_{M} = N N is the number of repetitive patterns described in the finite elements domain (The finite elements domain corresponds to 1/N fraction of the real device) 
Imposed coefficient (fraction) 
C_{M} is a quotient of 2 integers: C_{M} = N_{1} /N_{2} The finite elements domain corresponds to 1/N_{1} fraction of the real device. N_{1} is the number of repetitive patterns described in the finite elements domain N_{2} is the number of repetitive patterns supplied by the electric circuit 